Newsbulletin / Boletín de Noticias

No. 1603

Español / English

22 – 01 – 2012



Español:

English:


Español


Alertan que EEUU pretende censurar Internet por motivos económicos

Domingo, 22 de Enero de 2012 00:04

Autor: Agencia Venezolana de Noticias (AVN

Con iniciativas como el proyecto de ley Sopa (Stop Online Privacy Act), promovido por la Cámara de Representantes del Congreso, Estados Unidos (EEUU) pretende "proteger un modelo de negocio y cercenar la posibilidad de la sociedad de compartir libremente contenidos culturales".


Así lo estimó Henry Contreras, integrante del colectivo venezolano Nodo Libre, un espacio en la web para la difusión del uso libre de la tecnología.

Esta ley ha generado gran oposición en todo el mundo, pues bajo el argumento de detener la piratería, supondría, explicó Contreras, "el cierre técnico de cualquier portal que sospeche un órgano discrecional de administración de justicia de Estados Unidos que tiene un contenido susceptible de ser pirata".

Añadió, en el programa Dando y Dando transmitido este viernes por Venezolana de Televisión, que esto, por ejemplo, afectará la descarga de música en línea.

EEUU está censurando Internet con motivos estrictamente económicos, sostuvo.

En esa misma línea se inscribe el proyecto de Ley Pipa (Protect IP Act), dirigido a proteger la propiedad intelectual de las corporaciones y que también es impulsado en el Congreso norteamericano.

Contreras advirtió, además, que si bien la iniciativa legal tuvo un freno este viernes "por parte de la clase política de EEUU, que está al servicio de estas corporaciones, ya de facto están aplicando estas leyes".

Puso como ejemplo el cierre del portal Megaupload, con el cual se compartían archivos, y que generó una serie de reacciones mundiales. El Buró Federal de Investigación de Estados Unidos (FBI) cerró este jueves el citado sitio de Internet bajo el argumento de que promueve la piratería y afecta los intereses de las empresas estadounidenses.

Las presiones mundiales generaron efecto. El Senado de Estados Unidos pospuso este viernes indefinidamente las votaciones y discusiones en torno a las controvertidas leyes.

Ambas iniciativas generaron un apagón por parte de importantes portales para alertar al mundo sobre el peligro de su aprobación.

http://www.matrizur.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17902:alertan-que-eeuu-pretende-censurar-internet-por-motivos-economicos&catid=46:conocimiento-y-tecnologia&Itemid=69


Anonymous ataca web de la presidencia francesa tras apoyo de Sarkozy al cierre de Megaupload

Domingo, 22 de Enero de 2012 00:02

Autor: RT.com

Los ‘hackers’, atacaron con éxito el sitio del palacio del Elíseo y bloquearon durante un tiempo la accesibilidad de la página.

La página web del palacio del Elíseo, sede de la Presidencia francesa, ha sido la nueva víctima del grupo de ‘hackers’ Anonymous. Los expertos relacionan el ataque con el apoyo que mostró el presidente francés Nicolás Sarkozy al cierre del portal de descargas Megaupload.


La lucha contra la piratería es un tema prioritario para el actual mandatario francés. No en vano, París lo incluyó en la agenda de la cumbre del G-8 durante la presidencia de Francia.

De ahí que Sarkozy alabara el cierre de Megaupload asegurando que debe servir como ejemplo de la colaboración de la policía y la justicia de distintos país. Además, subrayó que los sitios como Megaupload dañan la industria y perjudican a los representantes de la comunidad cultural.

Los ‘hackers’, atacaron con éxito el sitio del palacio del Elíseo y bloquearon durante un tiempo la accesibilidad de página, después de lo cual colgaron en ella el llamamiento a luchar contra la ley SOPA, que podría ser aprobada por EE. UU.

http://www.matrizur.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17901:anonymous-ataca-web-de-la-presidencia-francesa-tras-apoyo-de-sarkozy-al-cierre-de-megaupload&catid=46:conocimiento-y-tecnologia&Itemid=69


Anonymous convoca a “Marzo Negro” contra leyes antipiratería

Domingo, 22 de Enero de 2012 00:11

Autor: Correo del Orinoco

El grupo de piratas informáticos Anonymous echó a andar una iniciativa contra la industria del entretenimiento (televisión, cine, videojuegos) denominada “Marzo Negro”. La invitación es a que las personas no compren ningún producto de este tipo durante cuatro semanas, con el fin de reducir los ingresos de dichas compañías.

Anonymous se sale de la red. El grupo de hackers busca no sólo afectar los sistemas informáticos sino la economía como respuesta al cierre del sitio de descargas Megaupload y a las leyes antipiratería que se discuten en varios países y que, desde su perspectiva, promueven la censura y restringen la libertad de información.


La estrategia es detener la compra de películas, música y videojuegos durante el mes de marzo. Los detalles de la campaña contra los gigantes del entretenimiento circulan en sus cuentas de redes sociales.

“Las industrias de la música, la televisión, el cine y el videojuego han decidido apoyar una legislación que permite la censura y el cierre de páginas sin procedimiento judicial. Han decidido golpear primero, pero nosotros podemos hacerlo donde más les duele: en su margen de beneficios”, puntualiza el comunicado de Anonymous.

“No alimentemos más a quien no nos respeta. Son sólo cuatro semanas. Nosotros podemos aguantar sin ellos. ¿Cuánto tiempo pueden aguantar ellos sin ningún ingreso”, agregan.

La Oficina Federal de Investigaciones de Estados Unidos (FBI) anunció el jueves 19 de enero el cierre de la página de descargas Megaupload por un supuesto delito de piratería informática. Desde ese momento el grupo Anonymous ha llevado a cabo diferentes ataques a sitios web gubernamentales y de empresas privadas que apoyan los proyectos de ley antipiratería que actualmente se discuten.

http://www.matrizur.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17904:anonymous-convoca-a-marzo-negro-contra-leyes-antipirateria&catid=46:conocimiento-y-tecnologia&Itemid=69


Anonymous filtra supuestos datos personales del director del FBI tras cierre de Megaupload

Sábado, 21 de Enero de 2012 00:00

Autor: Público.es

El contraataque de Anonymous y diversos hackers al cierre de Megaupload ayer por parte del FBI continúa este viernes.

Si ayer a última hora Anonymous tumbaba varias páginas web relacionadas con la ley SOPA y con el cierre del famoso servidor, este viernes han filtrado a través de Twitter y de diversas páginas web todos los supuestos datos personales del director del FBI, Robert S. Mueller, y su familia: su mujer, sus hijas, su yerno y otros miembros.


Los datos que han hecho públicos en la Red alcanzan casi todas las esferas personales de Mueller y su familia: decenas de direcciones de varias ciudades de Estados Unidos, códigos postales, teléfonos y correos electrónicos.

Pero la filtración de los supuestos datos personales alcanza presuntamente también a amigos de sus hijas.

Ataque masivo
La página web del FBI ya fue atacada ayer masivamente por Anonymous en respuesta al cierre por parte de la agencia federal de Megaupload, pero no fue la única.

Anonymous también logró tumbar durante un tiempo -en el que consideran el mayor ataque de su historia- la web del Departamento de Justicia de EEUU, la de la Casa Blanca, la de la industria musical de EEUU (RIAA), la de la discográfica Universal -y su filial francesa-, la industria del cine de EEUU (MPAA), la web de la ley Hadopi -que luchaba contra las descargas en Europa-, la web de la oficina de EEUU para el copyright, las de las discográficas Vivendi, BMI y Warner, la de la Federación Belga contra la piratería y la del senador de EEUU Chris Dodd.

A estas horas, las de la RIAA, la de Universal internacional y la de la ley Hadopi aún siguen caídas.

http://www.matrizur.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17894:anonymous-filtra-supuestos-datos-personales-del-director-del-fbi-tras-cierre-de-megaupload&catid=46:conocimiento-y-tecnologia&Itemid=69


Anonymous hackeó la web del Departamento de Justicia de EEUU

Viernes, 20 de Enero de 2012 14:05

En represalia por al cierre de Megaupload

Autor: Europa Press

El grupo internacional de 'hackers' Anonymous anunció que ha bloqueado al menos seis importantes webs, entre ellas las del Departamento de Justicia estadounidense y la de la empresa Universal Music Group, en respuesta al cierre del servicio online de alojamiento de archivos Megaupload por parte del FBI.

Tanto universalmusic.com como justice.gov se cayeron de la red en la tarde del jueves y permanecen sin prestar servicio a las 03:00 horas en la España peninsular.


Las otras páginas web afectadas son la de la Asociación de la Industria de Grabación de América (RIAA), Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), la Oficina de Copyright de Estados Unidos y la Asociación de Jefes de Policía de Utah.

A las 03:00 horas en la España peninsular, únicamente la página de la MPAA estaba funcionando. Las webs de la RIAA y de la Oficina de Copyright no prestan servicio, mientras que la página de la Asociación de Jefes de Policía de Utah ha visto modificado su logo por el de Megaupload.

Asimismo, Anonymous amenazó al FBI con ser la siguiente organización en ser 'hackeada'. "Hay órdenes de que 'fbi.gov' sea la siguiente (...) informaremos cuando esté", ha publicado una cuenta de Twitter afiliada al grupo, según ha informado el canal de televisión estadounidense FOX News.

"El Gobierno cierra Megaupload, y 15 minutos después Anonymous cierra páginas del Gobierno y de empresas musicales", ha recordado el grupo de 'hacktivistas'. "Megaupload ha sido cerrado sin que exista la ley SOPA. Ahora imaginad lo que ocurrirá si es aprobada. Internet como lo conocemos llegará a su fin. ¡Combatid!", ha dicho el grupo, en referencia al controvertido proyecto de ley Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), que está siendo debatido en el Congreso.

Páginas web como Wikipedia o Google se sumaron ayer a una protesta masiva contra esta ley, que ha comenzado a generar deserciones incluso entre los congresistas que inicialmente la promovieron.

OPERACIÓN DEL FBI

Las autoridades de Estados Unidos han emprendido este jueves una operación contra la web Megaupload que se ha saldado con el cierre de la página y órdenes de arresto contra siete personas que habían sido imputadas por actividades de piratería, según ha informado el Departamento de Justicia norteamericano.

Un gran jurado de Virginia acusó el pasado 5 de enero de delitos relacionados con la propiedad intelectual y el blanqueo de capitales a siete responsables de la web, cargos por los que podrían ser condenados a décadas de cárcel. Sólo los cargos de conspiración para blanquear dinero y conspiración mafiosa contemplan penas de hasta 20 años de prisión.

De los imputados, cuatro han sido detenidos este jueves en la localidad neozelandesa de Auckland. Entre ellos figura el principal responsable de 'Megaupload', Kim Dotcom, de 37 años y conocido también como Kim Schmitz y Kim Tim Jim Vestor, así como los alemanes Finn Batato y Mathias Ortmann y el holandés Bram van der Kolk. Otras tres personas --el eslovaco Julius Bencko, el alemán Sven Echternach y en estonio Andrus Nomm-- permanecen en paradero desconocido.

Las autoridades, que han cerrado 18 dominios asociados a 'Megaupload', han realizado también más de 20 registros en Estados Unidos, Canadá y Países Bajos que se han saldado con incautaciones de bienes por valor de 50 millones de dólares.

El Departamento de Justicia y el FBI calculan que las actividades de esta página web y de otras afines han supuesto perjuicios de 500 millones de dólares en derechos de propiedad intelectual. Además, según la nota distribuida, durante más de cinco años han logrado 175 millones de dólares en beneficios gracias a la publicidad y a los pagos de los usuarios de cuentas 'premium'.

http://www.matrizur.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17888:anonymous-hackeo-la-web-del-departamento-de-justicia-de-eeuu&catid=46:conocimiento-y-tecnologia&Itemid=69


Revista estadounidense 'Atlanta Jewish Times' exhorta al Mosad israelí a que asesine a Obama

Domingo, 22 de Enero de 2012 00:07

Tensiones entre Israel y EEUU por la crisis de Irán

Autor: Público.es

Israel está forzando el paso al máximo para conseguir que Washington se implique de una manera más concluyente con Irán. El transparente objetivo del primer ministro, Binyamín Netanyahu, es conseguir que la Casa Blanca incremente significativamente las duras sanciones que ya pesan sobre la República Islámica, arrastrando consigo a la UE y Asia, y que EEUU explicite con mayor claridad su intención de declarar una guerraa Irán que responda a los intereses de Israel.


A incrementar las tensiones ha contribuido la publicación en el último número de la revista estadounidense Atlanta Jewish Times de un osado artículo en el que el editor y propietario, Andrew Adler, apunta sin tapujos que el Mosad israelí debería considerar el asesinato del presidente Barack Obama para que el vicepresidente Joe Biden le sustituya en el cargo y emprenda una vía más resolutiva con Irán.

El comentarista Chemi Salev, del diario Haaretz, calificó ayer de "estúpido" e "idiota" el delirante artículo de Adler, pero también señaló que su actitud cuenta con el apoyo de otras personas y es el "inevitable resultado del excesivo volumen de veneno repugnante que algunos de los rivales políticos de Obama, incluidos judíos y no judíos, han expresado en los últimos tres años".

A lo largo de la semana que hoy termina, tanto en Israel como en EEUU se han difundido declaraciones oficiales que revelan una tirantez considerable. La tensión se origina en que Netanyahu parece considerar que al haberse iniciado la carrera electoral en Estados Unidos, Obama es más vulnerable al lobby judío, un grupo de presión que se identifica con las posiciones más radicales de Israel, aunque se ha de subrayar que su actitud no refleja la de toda la comunidad judía de Norteamérica.

Si hace justo una semana Netanyahu declaró que las sanciones que ha impuesto Occidente a Irán son insuficientes para contrarrestar su programa nuclear, el miércoles un alto funcionario del Departamento de Estado de EEUU saltó a la palestra para contradecir a Netanyahu y afirmar que las sanciones son eficaces y deben aplicarse de manera gradual.

Pero Netanyahu quiere más y lo quiere ya, no sólo de Estados Unidos sino también de Europa y de Asia, sobre todo sanciones que incidan sobre la industria petrolífera de Irán y en las actividades de su Banco Central. En concreto, Netan-yahu desea que todo Occidente y Asia dejen de adquirir crudo iraní y lo importen de otros países de la región, como Arabia Saudí.

Visita del general Dempsey
El jueves llegó a Israel el jefe del Estado Mayor del Ejército de EEUU, general Martin Dempsey, con la intención de evaluar personalmente la posición de Israel. El ministro de Defensa israelí, Ehud Barak, tuvo que calmar el ambiente diciendo que la decisión de atacar Irán por parte de Israel está todavía "muy lejos", lo que contradice numerosas declaraciones recientes de altos funcionarios israelíes.

En el último día de su estancia en Israel, el general Dempsey divulgó un comunicado en el que aseguraba que los dos países "comparten" la manera de ver las cuestiones de seguridad de Oriente Próximo. No obstante, será necesario esperar algún tiempo para ver quién lleva más cartas de triunfo en la cuestión iraní, Netanyahu u Obama.

http://www.matrizur.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17903:revista-estadounidense-atlanta-jewish-times-exhorta-al-mosad-israeli-a-que-asesine-a-obama&catid=44:imperio&Itemid=62


English


Money Insider: US Will See Violent Civil Unrest In 2012

Armed, irritated and vocal majority will react to worsening economic decline

Paul Joseph Watson
Prison Planet.com
Thursday, January 19, 2012

Money insider Charles Ortel has warned that a worsening economic picture across the globe will see civil unrest hit the streets of America, not on behalf of leftist OWS types, but by an armed, “irascible and vocal Majority”.

Ortel, a managing partner with Newport Value Partners, LLC in New York City, predicts that a failure of the so-called financial recovery will precipitate “A painful re-calibration of economic strength and geo-political standing during 2012 in the midst of widespread civil insurrection and cross-border war.”

Noting that Americans’ access to firearms will cause such riots to be bloodier than anything seen in Europe, Ortel predicts that a contented and silent Majority will be turned into “an irascible and vocal Majority,” as a result of numerous macro-economic and geo-political threats facing the country, including the collapse of the euro, the bursting of the financial bubble in China, and the looming debt crisis, all of which will contribute to weak economic growth.

Some will manage to contain their activities to peaceful protests. However, we believe the far more likely scenario is that violence will result, especially in the United States where the wider population has more ready access to weaponry and where mobs have proven impossible to restrain,” Ortel writes.

The crisis will also be exacerbated by a shift in “the governing pole of political discourse,” which will see the usual right-left paradigm replaced by a clash between young and old, with the youth of developed nations increasingly irate at seeing the elderly enjoy the security of retirement benefits while their own economic futures look increasingly bleak.

Despite widespread protests and civil unrest sweeping almost all corners of the globe aside from America over the past two years, the prospect of disorder unfolding in the United States in a broader context than the Occupy Wall Street demonstrations is widely expected.

Indeed, with trust in both the executive and legislative branches of government at an all time low, pollster Pat Caddell warns that Americans’ lack of confidence in their leadership is so fervent that they are now “pre-revolutionary.”

Fully aware that Americans’ disenfranchisement with the political system, allied with falling living standards, is provoking people to become more radical in their outlook, U.S. authorities have been preparing for civil dislocation.

Halliburton subsidiary KBR is seeking sub-contractors to staff and outfit “emergency environment” camps located in five regions of the United States follows preparations over the last three years to deal with riots inside the United States that have already spread throughout Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.

Major police departments like the NYPD staging “mobilization exercises” to train police to prepare for civil disorder in the United States.

A report produced by the U.S. Army War College’s Strategic Institute warns that the United States may experience massive civil unrest in the wake of a series of crises which it termed “strategic shock.”

Widespread civil violence inside the United States would force the defense establishment to reorient priorities in extremis to defend basic domestic order and human security,” stated the report, authored by [Ret.] Lt. Col. Nathan Freir, adding that the military may be needed to quell “purposeful domestic resistance”.

http://www.prisonplanet.com/money-insider-us-will-see-violent-civil-unrest-in-2012.html


Obama's Secret Letter to Tehran: Is the War against Iran On Hold? "The Road to Tehran Goes through Damascus"


by Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

The New York Times announced that the Obama Administration had sent an important letter to the leadership of Iran on January 12, 2012. [1]

On January 15, 2012, the spokesperson of the Iranian Foreign Ministry acknowledged that the letter had been delivered to Tehran by way of three diplomatic channels:

(1) one copy of the letter was handed to the Iranian Ambassador to the United Nations, Mohammed Khazaee, by his U.S. counterpart, Susan Rice, in New York City;

(2) a second copy of the letter was delivered in Tehran by the Swiss Ambassador to Iran, Livia Leu Agosti; and

(3) a third copy went to Iran by way of Jalal Talabani of Iraq. [2]

In the letter, the White House spelled out the position of the United States, while Iranian officials said it was a sign of things as they really are: the U.S. cannot afford to wage a war against Iran.

Within the letter written by President Barak Hussein Obama was a U.S. request for the start of negotiations between Washington and Tehran to end Iranian-U.S. hostilities. 

“In the letter, Obama announced readiness for negotiations and the resolution of mutual disagreements,” Ali Motahari, an Iranian parliamentarian, told the
Mehr News Agency. [3] According to another Iranian parliamentarian, this time the Deputy Chairperson of the Iranian Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Committee, Hussein Ebrahimi (Ibrahimi), the letter went on to ask for Iranian-U.S. cooperation and negotiations based on the mutual interests of both Tehran and Washington. [4]

Obama’s letter also tried to assure Tehran that the United States would not engage in any hostile action against Iran. [5] In fact, in the same timeframe, the Pentagon cancelled or delayed major joint drills with Israel. [6]

To the Iranians, however, the gestures are meaningless, because the Obama Administration’s actions with Iran have always contradicted its words. Moreover, Iran believes that the U.S. has not attacked, because it knows that the costs of a war with an opponent like Iran are too high and its consequences far too risky.

This, however, does not mean that an Iranian-U.S. showdown has been avoided or will not eventually happen. The currents can go either way, so to speak. Nor does this mean that the Obama Administration is not currently waging a war against the Iranians and their allies. In fact, Washington’s bloc and Iran’s bloc have been fighting a shadow war from the digital arena and television airwaves to the valleys of Afghanistan and the bustling streets of Beirut and Baghdad.


The War Against Iran Started Years Ago

The war in Iran did not start in 2012 or even 2011. Newsweek Magazine even stated the following on a cover title in 2010: “Assassinations, cyberattacks, sabotage – has the war against Tehran already begun?” The actual war may have started in 2006.

Instead of attacking Iran directly, the U.S. has started a covert and proxy war. The covert dimensions of the war are being fought by intelligence assets, cyber attacks, computer viruses, secretive military units, spies, assassins, agent provocateurs, and saboteurs. The kidnapping and assassination of Iranian scientists and military commanders, which started several years ago is a part of this covert war. In this shadow war, Iranian diplomats in Iraq have been abducted and Iranians visiting Georgia, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey have been detained or kidnapped. Syrian officials, various Palestinian figures, and Hezbollah’s Imad Fayez Mughniyeh have also all been assassinated in this shadow war.

The proxy wars started in 2006 when Israel attacked Lebanon with the intention of expanding the war against Syria. The road to Damascus goes through Beirut, while Damascus is on the way to Tehran. After their failure in 2006, realizing that Syria was the lynchpin of the Resistance Bloc, which Iran dominated, the U.S. and its allies spent the next five to six years trying to de-link Syria from Iran.

The U.S. is also fighting Iran and its allies on the diplomatic and economic fronts through the manipulation of international bodies and proxy states. In the 2011 to 2012 context, the crisis in Syria on a geo-political level is a front in the war against Iran. Even the Israeli-U.S. drill Austere Challenge 2012 and the U.S. deployment of troops were primarily aimed at Syria as a means of combating Iran.


Syria in the Eye of the Storm

What Washington is doing is exerting psychological pressure on Iran as a means of distancing it from Syria, so that the United States and its cohorts can go for the kill. Up until the start of January 2012, the Israelis have continuously been preparing to launch an invasion of Syria in a rematch of 2006, while U.S. and E.U. officials have continously tried negotiating with Damascus for a deal to de-link from Iran and the Resistance Bloc. The Syrians, however, have always refused.

Foreign Policy, the magazine of the Council on Foreign Relations, published an article in August 2011 stating what was on the Saudi King’s mind about Syria in context of attacking Iran: “The King knows that other than the collapse of the Islamic Republic [of Iran] itself, nothing would weaken Iran more than losing Syria.” [7] Whether the above statement genuinely came from Abdul Aziz Al-Saud or not, this strategic outlook is representative of the reasons for the targeting of Syria. Obama’s own security advisor has also said the same thing, just a few months after the piece by Foreign Policy was released, in November 2011. National Security Advisor Donilon gave a speech saying that the “end of the Assad regime would constitute Iran’s greatest setback in the region – a strategic blow that will further shift the balance of power in the region against Iran.” [8]

The Kremlin has also made statements that corroborate that Washington wants to de-link Syria from its Iranian ally. One of Russia’s highest security officials has announced that Syria is being punished, because of its strategic alliance with Iran. The Secretary of the National Security Council of the Russian Federation, Nikolai (Nikolay) Platonovich Patrushev, has publicly stated that Syria is the subject of Washington’s pressure due to geo-political interests tied to cutting Syria’s ties with Iran and not due to any humanitarian concerns. [9]

Iran has also given signals that should the Syrians be attacked, it will not hesitate to intervene militarily to come to Syria’s aid. Washington does not want this. The Pentagon would much rather swallow Syria first, before turning its full and undivided attention to Iran. The Pentagon’s objectives are to fight its targets piecemeal. Despite the U.S. military doctrine of fighting simultaneous wars in multiple theatres and all the Pentagon literature about it, the U.S. is not ready yet to wage a conventional regional war against both Iran and Syria or risk an expanded war with Iran’s Russian and Chinese allies yet. The march to war, however, is far from over. For now the U.S. government will have to continue the shadow war against Iran and intensify the media, diplomatic, and economic war.


Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya is a Sociologist and award-winning author. He is a Research Associate at the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), Montreal. He Specializes on the Middle East and Central Asia. He Has been a contributor and guest discussing the Broader Middle East on numerous international programs and networks such as Al Jazeera, Press TV and Russia Today. His writings have been published in more than ten languages​​. He also writes for the Strategic Culture Foundation (SCF), Moscow.


NOTES


[1] Elisabeth Bumiller
et al., “US sends top Iran leader warning on Hormuz threat,” The New York Times, January 12, 2012.
[2]
Mehr News Agency, “Details of Obamas letter to Iran released,” January 18, 2012.
[3]
Ibid.
[4]
Ibid.
[5] Ibid.
[6] Yakkov Katz, “Israel, US cancel missile defense drill,” Jerusalem Post, January 15, 2012.
[7] John Hannah, “Responding to Syria: The King
s statement, the Presidents hesitation,” Foreign Policy, August 9, 2011.
[8] Natasha Mozgovaya, “Obama Aide: End of Assad regime will serve severe blow to Iran,”
Haaretz, November 22, 2011.
[9] Ilya Arkhipov and Henry Meyer, “Russia Says NATO, Persian Gulf Nations Plan to Seek No-Fly Zone for Syria,”
Bloomberg, January 12, 2012.

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=28736


New battlelines drawn in cyber-space
By Victor Kotsev

What is the relationship between the self-imposed blackout of Wikipedia and the September 2007 Israeli air raid against an alleged Syrian nuclear reactor? The sophisticated worm Stuxnet, dubbed the first cyber-weapon in history? Or the "cyber-war" between Saudi and Israeli hackers? And while we are on it, might we add WikiLeaks and the debates on media freedom?

On Wednesday, a number of leading Internet media, including Wikipedia and Wired, launched a protest against two bills, ostensibly intended to combat Internet piracy, which are making rounds in the United States Congress - the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PIPA whose full name has undergone several transformations but which was originally called the Protect Intellectual Property Act.

In a recent editorial, Wired magazine calls the two "legislation

 

that threatens to usher in a chilling Internet censorship regime here in the US comparable in some ways to China's 'Great Firewall'." The article expands, "They would create a terrible precedent that other regimes could use to justify their own censorship efforts, potentially fragmenting the Internet into so many islands." [1]

Rumors of plans to firewall off parts of cyber-space and to impose tighter controls over what happens there have been circulating for some time now. Such a measure may seem grotesque and improbable (if not downright impossible), but even more bizarre things have happened. Let us recall, for example, how the regime of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak instantaneously "found an off switch for the Internet" last February. [2]

Fundamentally, other governments' motivation to try to control cyber-space bears some similarity to Mubarak's. Over the past 10 years or so, the Internet has grown so much in significance in most countries that it has become an inseparable part of daily life. Not only is it a powerful social medium, but key networks either depend on it or are connected to it in some way, and are thus vulnerable to disruption. For a state, a measure of control over cyber-space is increasingly becoming an important part of exercising sovereignty.

The most recent example of these patterns is this week's "cyber-war" between Israeli and Saudi hackers. On Monday, a group led by a pro-Palestinian Saudi hacker who goes by the name 0xOmar brought down the websites of the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange and the El Al airline and published on the Internet thousands of Israeli credit card numbers. Days later, Israeli hackers brought down the sites of the Saudi Stock exchange and the Abu Dhabi Securities exchange in reprisal, and published personal information (including credit card numbers) of thousands of Arabs.

While this particular exchange seems to have created more noise than real damage, sophisticated hacking attacks on various institutions and systems have grown ever more frequent in the past years. Hacking, moreover, has become an important part of clandestine operations and intelligence gathering.

On the more extreme end of things, the cyber-weapons used against the Iranian nuclear program illustrate the potential of this type of "warfare". According to some reports, Stuxnet was only the most discussed of several potent viruses unleashed against the Islamic Republic of Iran. [3] As studies of Stuxnet have shown, these viruses carry enormous destructive potential, and could cause staggering damage to key civilian systems if used imprudently.

Attesting to their effectiveness, Iran was forced to upgrade some of its uranium-enrichment centrifuges against such attacks, [4] and reportedly decided to invest $1 billion in its own cyber-warfare program. [5]

A clarification is due. While the romantic popular image of hackers as independent geniuses who occasionally act in teams for a cause has persisted, reality, for the most part, is different. Hacking today has increasingly become more of a technical matter; the most pure paradigms for this are military cyber capabilities. For many years, the leading world militaries have possessed sophisticated platforms which allow the remote hacking of radars, enemy communications, and other networks.

Eli Lake writing for the Daily Beast, for example, provides a fascinating account of the Israeli drone-based platforms allegedly used against Syria in 2007 and perhaps awaiting an even tougher test against Iran. [6] In turn, Iran also reportedly used a similar a system, purchased from Russia, to down a stealthy American drone last month.

Even the civilian arms of the US and other governments allegedly possess systems that allow anybody with a certain amount of basic training to execute a fairly sophisticated hacking attack against a remote computer.

For individuals, save for a select few true geniuses, hacking has become a matter of crowd-sourcing: not so different in concept from what WikiLeaks' founder Julian Assange (a hacker himself) did. In fact, not only are the tools and methods for hacking usually acquired almost ready to use, so is in some cases also the data that hackers claim to have stolen.

Hacking attacks typically exploit technical flaws that are ubiquitous and have already been discovered. This is especially true about less sophisticated hackers, but even high-powered government cyber experts such as the alleged creators of Stuxnet have taken this path. [7]

Such methods, though fairly crude, are nevertheless quite effective. Even attacks that require a fairly low level of competence - for example, using an "army" of infected personal computers around the world to "flood" a server with connection requests - often succeed in bringing sites and systems down.

The danger is that practically anybody can be a hacker in this way, and this brings up the issue of enforcing discipline in cyber-space with even greater urgency. In some ways, cyber-war is a golden opportunity for states to pass restrictive legislation.

A similar pattern can be seen in debates about media freedom in the context of the WikiLeaks revelations, and indeed in several other types of social debates. Over the past decades, improved means of travel and communication have given rise to powerful decentralized human networks, which in turn have started to challenge the sovereignty and fixed borders of traditional states.

A backlash seems practically inevitable - and it seems that we are already starting to witness some of that defensive reaction of governments.

Notes
1. Why We've Censored Wired.com, Wired, January 18, 2011,
2. Egypt Leaders Found ‘Off' Switch for Internet, The New York Times, February 15, 2011.
3. See 1. 'Stuxnet virus used on Iran was 1 of 5 cyberbombs', Ynet, December 29, 2011, and 2. Expert: Cyber attack on Iran began in 2008, Ynet, December 3, 2011.
4. IAEA: Iran reaches breakthrough in suspected nuclear weapons push, Ha'aretz, September 3, 2011.
5. Iran embarks on $1b. cyber-warfare program, Jerusalem Post, December 18, 2011.
6. Israel's Secret Iran Attack Plan: Electronic Warfare, , The Daily Beast, November 16, 2011.
7. How Digital Detectives Deciphered Stuxnet, the Most Menacing Malware in History, Wired, July 11, 2011.

Victor Kotsev is a journalist and political analyst.

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/NA21Ak02.html


SOPA and PIPA Part of Effort to Domesticate Politically Incorrect Internet

Kurt Nimmo
Infowars.com
January 20, 2012

The Megaupload takedown is dominating headlines, but there is something the incident has overshadowed – large internet corporations and government have censored political websites for years as part of a plan to domesticate the internet.

On Thursday, Paul Joseph Watson pointed out the hypocrisy of Google as the transnational corporation shouldered its way into the limelight by opposing SOPA while enforcing SOPA-like policies of its own, blacklisting legitimate websites from its news aggregator and following government orders to remove material from its search results and You Tube.

Watson notes that Google has delisted both Infowars.com and Prison Planet.com – the flagship websites of nationally syndicated talk show host Alex Jones – from its popular news website and news search engine. Google News is a content aggregator that allows users to search thousands of news sources for relevant stories.

Google has memory holed these two websites from its news portal for political reasons and not because they are insignificant and draw paltry traffic. In fact, Infowars.com is a major news source that gets more traffic than MSNBC.com and many other corporate media news websites.

Google is not alone in attempting to blunt Infowars.com and Prison Planet.com. MySpace, Time Warner, New Zealand’s Asia Netcom, the ISP Tiscali in the UK and even a British aiport – along with a number of libraries and government-owned entities – have shut out Alex Jones’ popular websites.

Infowars.com and Prison Planet.com are not alone. “Public wi-fi systems stationed in airports, train stations, libraries, schools, and workplaces also routinely censor political websites,” writes Watson.

In addition to blocking and censoring Jones’ news websites, Google property YouTube has consistently taken down his videos and fiddled with hit counters and other metrics to make it seem the videos are less popular than they actually are.

Google’s effort to censor Alex Jones and other dangerous alternative media sites makes sense when you realize the company has intimate ties with the CIA and the military-industrial complex.

The establishment has worked behind the scenes for years to devise a method to sanitize the internet – in the same way corporate television has been disinfected for decades – and drive the truth-seekers and tellers off the medium. SOPA and PIPA, under the guise of fighting dreaded copyright criminals, is only the latest guise.

In 2010, globalists meeting in Davos, Switzerland, called for internet licensing by the United Nations in order to combat so-called cyber warfare of the sort the shadowy Anonymous hacktivist collective used against the Department of Justice and the FBI following the Megaupload takedown.

For at least three years, the corporate media has trumpeted a vastly exaggerated threat of cyber terrorism and illustrated the warning with dire scenarios of disabled power grids and hobbled civilian infrastructure.

Former president Bill Clinton has called for a government-run internet “Ministry of Truth” to get rid of pesky troublemakers – his wife recently admitted the government is losing the information war – and Obama’s information czar Cass Sunstein has demanded that websites be mandated by law to link to opposing information or that pop ups containing government propaganda be forcibly included on political blogs.

Sunstein had previously called for a COINTELPRO-like effort against politically incorrect activist groups and also called for the government to tax or even ban outright political opinions it finds objectionable.

Finally, the Pentagon has declared the internet a battlefield and recently stated it will respond to so-called cyber attacks militarily. “If you shut down our power grid, maybe we will put a missile down one of your smokestacks,” a military official said last May.

The military response to exaggerated cyber threats was put on the fast track by Obama in 2009 when he instructed the Pentagon to attack “cyberthreats” within the United States. Instead of allowing local police response to suspected cyber crimes, Obama moved to violate Posse Comitatus and turn the United States into a combat zone:

The Obama administration has adopted new procedures for using the Defense Department’s vast array of cyberwarfare capabilities in case of an attack on vital computer networks inside the United States, delicately navigating historic rules that restrict military action on American soil,” the New York Times reported at the time.

SOPA and PIPA are merely part a larger and more comprehensive effort to control the internet and reduce the threat it poses to the government. Both laws are efforts to codify what has been going on now for several years.

The defeat of SOPA and PIPA are certainly welcome and the large response in opposition to the legislation is a positive development, however we must consider the larger and more ominous threat the government and the transnational corporations it answers to pose to our liberty and the ability to communicate and raise political awareness.

http://www.prisonplanet.com/sopa-and-pipa-part-of-effort-to-domesticate-politically-incorrect-internet.html


HOME / INICIO