PANDEMONIUM 
PRIVATIZING LATIN AMERICA
 WATCH  


No. 490.



* Privatizing Latin America

* The Business Origins of CIA Crimes

* La Mafia Sects (The Sect Mafia)
 
* Reclaiming Our Courage

* German faces jail for 'ironic' remark


"The origins of this machine, interestingly enough, can be traced back to the CIA. This is not to say the machine is a formal CIA operation, complete with code name and signed documents. (Although such evidence may yet surface -- and previously unthinkable domestic operations such as MK-ULTRA, CHAOS and MOCKINGBIRD show this to be a distinct possibility.)"  

"Although many people think that the CIA's primary mission during the Cold War was to 'deter communism,' Noam Chomksy correctly points out that its real mission was 'deterring democracy.' From corrupting elections to overthrowing democratic governments, from assassinating elected leaders to installing murderous dictators, the CIA has virtually always replaced democracy with dictatorship. It didn't help that the CIA was run by businessmen, whose hostility towards democracy is legendary. The reason they overthrew so many democracies is because the people usually voted for policies that multi-national corporations didn't like: land reform, strong labor unions, nationalization of their industries, and greater regulation protecting workers, consumers and the environment."


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Privatizing Latin America


It is common knowledge that the massive destabilization of the
democratically-elected Chilean government and assassination of President Salvadore Allende was carried out by the CIA, hired by a corporate mafia which planned to install a nationalist government more lenient toward private enterprise. President Nixon and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger allocated $8 million for the campaign to destabilize Allende.

Kissinger told the CIA that Washington's "firm and continuing policy" was for Allende to be overthrown by the US-trained Chilean military. In 1975, CIA director Richard Helms admitted his agency's involvement. When the coup finally came in September 1973, U.S. warships appeared off the coast of Chile and American intelligence officers kept in touch with Pinochet and other military leaders. In subsequent years, an estimated 50,000 Chileans died at the hands of Pinochet's dictatorship, which was protected throughout by Washington.

In 1999, a journalist who had written exposes of Richard Scaife was by all appearances murdered in the Oxford Centre of Pittsburgh, PA -- the office complex of the foundation of his subject -- Scaife. Richard Mellon Scaife is the heir of the Mellon fortune and a major funder of the Heritage Foundation and other right wing organizations, although, like the Coors family, Scaife also funds abortion and gay rights organizations. Shortly before his death in February 1999, Kangas catalogued the gruesome accomplishments of the CIA and issued a scathing indictment of their paymasters -- the very elites who created the CNP! The following portion of Kangas' Origins of the Overclass deals with CIA "success stories" around the world:

"The wealthy have always used many methods to accumulate wealth, but it was not until the mid-1970s that these methods coalesced into a superbly organized, cohesive and efficient machine. After 1975, it became greater than the sum of its parts, a smooth flowing organization of advocacy groups, lobbyists, think tanks, conservative foundations, and PR firms that hurtled the richest 1 percent into the stratosphere.
"The origins of this machine, interestingly enough, can be traced back to the CIA. This is not to say the machine is a formal CIA operation, complete with code name and signed documents. (Although such evidence may yet surface -- and previously unthinkable domestic operations such as MK-ULTRA, CHAOS and MOCKINGBIRD show this to be a distinct possibility.) But what we
do know already indicts the CIA strongly enough. Its principle creators were Irving Kristol, Paul Weyrich, William Simon, Richard Mellon Scaife, Frank Shakespeare, William F. Buckley, Jr., the Rockefeller family, and more. Almost all the machine's creators had CIA backgrounds. . .

The Business Origins of CIA Crimes

"Although many people think that the CIA's primary mission during the Cold War was to 'deter communism,' Noam Chomksy correctly points out that its real mission was 'deterring democracy.' From corrupting elections to overthrowing democratic governments, from assassinating elected leaders to installing murderous dictators, the CIA has virtually always replaced democracy with dictatorship. It didn't help that the CIA was run by businessmen, whose hostility towards democracy is legendary. The reason they overthrew so many democracies is because the people usually voted for policies that multi-national corporations didn't like: land reform, strong
labor unions, nationalization of their industries, and greater regulation
protecting workers, consumers and the environment.

"So the CIA's greatest 'successes' were usually more pro-corporate than anti-communist. Citing a communist threat, the CIA helped overthrow the democratically elected Mohammed Mussadegh government in Iran in 1953. But there was no communist threat -- the Soviets stood back and watched the coup from afar. What really happened was that Mussadegh threatened to nationalize British and American oil companies in Iran. Consequently, the CIA and MI6 toppled Mussadegh and replaced him with a puppet government,
headed by the Shah of Iran and his murderous secret police, SAVAK. The reason why the Ayatollah Khomeini and his revolutionaries took 52 Americans hostage in Tehran in 1979 was because the CIA had helped SAVAK torture and murder their people.
"Another 'success' was the CIA's overthrow of the democratically elected government of Jacabo Arbenz in Guatemala in 1954. Again, there was no communist threat. The real threat was to Guatemala's United Fruit Company, a Rockefeller-owned firm whose stockholders included CIA Director Allen Dulles. Arbenz threatened to nationalize the company, albeit with generous compensation. In response, the CIA initiated a coup that overthrew Arbenz
and installed the murderous dictator Castillo Armas. For four decades, CIA-backed dictators would torture and murder hundreds of thousands of leftists, union members and others who would fight for a more equitable distribution of the country's resources.
"Another 'success' story was Chile. In 1973, the country's democratically elected leader, Salvadore Allende, nationalized foreign-owned interests, like Chile's lucrative copper mines and telephone system. International Telephone & Telegraph (ITT) offered the CIA $1 million to overthrow Allende -- which the CIA allegedly refused -- but paid $350,000 to his political opponents. The CIA responded with a coup that murdered Allende and replaced
him with a brutal tyrant, General Augusto Pinochet. Pinochet tortured and murdered thousands of leftists, union members and political opponents as economists trained at the University of Chicago under Milton Friedman installed a 'free market' economy. Since then, income inequality has soared higher in Chile than anywhere else in Latin America." 17. Another case of New Right leaders using their influence to support Latin American dictators was the promotion by Pat Robertson [CNP Pres. 1985-6] and Jerry Falwell of General Efrain Rios Montt, who became president of Guatemala after a bloody coup in 1982. Rios Montt, a convert of Gospel Outreach Verbo Ministries [which originated in the Jesus Movement, a CIA operation] expected to turn the Verbo Churches into a new political movement which would "moralize national life from the top down.""Gospel Outreach is an evangelical Pentecostal church with headquarters in Eureka, California and Guatemala. It grew out of the 'Jesus People'
movement of the 1960s in the United States. . .After the 1976 earthquake, 28 Gospel Outreach evangelicals from California arrived in Guatemala to help rebuild the country and establish El Verbo church. . .An early convert was General Efrain Rios Montt, who became president after a military coup in March 1982.
"According to the Latin American Institute of Transnational Studies,
'Within the first nine months of Rios Montt's administration, 12
evangelical pastors were assassinated; 69 were kidnapped; 45 disappeared; 5 were jailed; 11 foreign missionaries were expelled; 88 evangelical temples were destroyed; and 50 more were occupied by the Army." By 1986, Verbo Ministries reported 250 congregations. Verbo Ministries also runs a Leadership Training School with over 1000 members directed by Rios Montt himself.
"Rios Montt has been supported by Pat Robertson (Christian Broadcasting Network), Jerry Falwell (Moral Majority, Thomas Road Baptist Church, Liberty Federation), and Loren Cunningham (Youth with a Mission). . .Jimmy Swaggart Ministries has provided financial support for the schools of El Verbo in Guatemala. This is done under the "Programa Ayuda Infantile," a branch of the Swaggart ministry." 18.The Covert Action Information Bulletin implicates another elitist
organization in the bloody coup of the Allende government: the Brazil-based Tradition, Family and Property founded by one Plinio Corrêa de Oliviera.
"In Chile and other Latin American countries, the CIA helped finance the right-wing Tradition, Family and Property which played a role in the overthrow of both Allende in Chile and Goulart in Brazil. In many instances it pitted one sector of the Church against another." 19.
Tradition, Family and Property has close ties with Heritage founder, Paul Weyrich and Morton Blackwell of the Leadership Institute, who are members of the CNP. 20. Weyrich and Blackwell endorsed a 1993 book by Plinio Corrêa de Oliviera, on the necessity of restoring traditional nobility and elites to rule the world. Writing the Forward of Nobility & Analogous Traditional Elites, Morton Blackwell opined: "One does not have to accept Papal infallibility to appreciate a case persuasively made, using theological, moral, and prudential arguments. This book will convince many readers, whatever their faith, that good elites are legitimate, desirable and, yes,
necessary." 21.

Paul Weyrich's endorsement appears on the dust jacket: "Sadly, most American elites are now devoted to self-interest, not to service, which is one reason why affairs here go so badly. Your book may help reawaken people to the realization that we need and can have an elite devoted to service." 22.

In 1997, Tradition, Family and Property sponsored the Conservative
Leadership Conference together with CNP affiliates/Moon fronts Christian Voice [Gary Jarmin] and Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms [Alan Gottleib] and also Citizens Against Government Waste, which was founded by American Knights of Malta President, J. Peter Grace.

If Latin America is any indicator of the corporate largesse toward the
working classes, U.S. citizens will be in worse bondage than before
privatization. Chile's revolution subjected the masses to a shock-induced depression in 1975 that was not remedied until 1986 by an IMF bailout which cost the taxpayers 3% of Chile's GNP for three years. Milton Friedman called this "an economic miracle".

"This follows the usual pattern of 'free market capitalism -- market
discipline for the working class, state aid for the elite. During the
'miracle,' the economic gains had been privatised; during the crash the burden for repayment was socialised... It is the increased wealth of the elite that we see the true 'miracle' of Chile. According to one expert in the Latin American neo-liberal revolutions, the elite 'had become massively wealthy under Pinochet'and when the leader of the Christian Democratic Party returned from exile in 1989 he said that economic growth that benefited the top 10 per cent of the population had been achieved (Pinochet's official institutions agreed)." 23.
President of Gun Owners of America, Larry Pratt [CNP] also was Secretary of the Council for Inter-American Security [CIS], which was founded in 1976. Pratt "served both as an intelligence conduit from 'private' sources such as the American Security Council and CAUSA, and as an informal employment agency which provided analysts to the Reagan administration at the inception of Washington's murderous counter-insurgency wars in Central America." In 1980, CIS published the influential A New Inter-American Policy for the Eighties, also known as the "Santa Fe Document." 24.The Santa Fe Document, which was a sequel to The Rockefeller Report, was originally titled "Inter-American Relations, Shield of the New Order and
Sword of the U.S. Ascent to World Power." This document set forth plans to create religious sects on a worldwide scale, whose mission was to corrupt the collective conscience of Christians to willingly accept the Rockefeller agenda. A portion of a book, La Mafia Sects (The Sect Mafia) by Burn Fouchereau, describes the planned use of Evangelical organizations, such as Rios Montt's Church of the Word, as fronts for the CIA to "take charge of the initiative of ideological struggle" in Latin America through religious phenomena, i.e., psychological warfare operations for inculcating Anglo-Saxon ideology:

La Mafia Sects (The Sect Mafia)
by Burn Fouchereau

The Sects, Powerful Tool of the Secret Services
"In the category, 'Manipulation of mystical groups and sects', the highest award can be given to the famous American intelligence agency. . . In May 1980, a group of bigwigs in the Republican party signed a confidential document, one destined to guide U.S. foreign policy, and more specifically, that of the CIA and of NSA. (2) This document was titled, 'Inter-American Relations, Shield of the New Order and Sword of the U.S. Ascent to World Power." Although this document set forth strategic proposals, whose
objectives are made readily clear in the title, it nevertheless remained
secret, and in the intelligence community was nicknamed, the 'Santa Fé Report.' Beginning with the Reagan administration, and then Bush's, and on
to the cohabitation of the Republicans with Bill Clinton, this project
became operational and its application is ongoing. It is really just the
continuation of a political strategy hatched by the U.S.A. in the 1950s, in turn guided by a document titled 'The Rockefeller Report.' The latter
states: 'In order to win the battle for hegemony (control) over conscience, it is necessary to begin by exposing Latin America to the influence of the
fundamental values of the American way of life, doing so through
controlling the traditional apparatus of socialization of civil society:
the Family, the School, and the Church.'
"The Santa Fe Report went further down this road, clearly defining that one of the vectors for the expansion of U.S. power worldwide would be the activities of the sects. The document concretely explained how necessary it was for the U.S.A. to take charge of the initiative of ideological struggle through religious phenomena, the goal of which was to win control over
conscience. The recent development of the sects would be one of the
elements of this strategy. On the same subject, the Santa Fe Report notes the work already done in this area: '. [T]he experience acquired in Vietnam, thanks to the work done in population control, was exported to
Latin America, and particularly to Guatemala, by numerous agents of A.I.D., and of other U.S. services. Certain sects were created by psychological warfare specialists and entrusted with control of the political forum and
control of conscience.' ---George Orwell could never have imagined anything more effective than this!
"In France, the reigning and undisputed specialist on this subject is
Professor Jésus Garcia-Ruiz, of the Dept. of Ethnology and Anthropology at
the University of Paris.In order to confirm this incredible American policy of manipulation of the masses of the world, of which the Latin Americans seem to be the model, he cites two other sources. First, the Popular Evangelical Mission of France, which, in a text titled, La Notion relative aux sects en Amerique Latine, wrote: 'They [the sects] are all made in the U.S.A. and are financed from the outside; they are the vehicles for
inculcating an Anglo-Saxon cultural ideology, leading to adopting an
American middle class model.' The second source is a report by the Minister of the Interior of Mexico, which explains: 'The sects carry out the most subtle part of the process of domination and of north-Americanization of
underdeveloped societies, through their religious preaching, which is set down into the ideological struggle in the middle of civil society.' It is a fact that the foremost evangelical and charismatic sects have played a
structural role in the dictatorships of Latin America. Sects such as The Church of the Word in Guatemala, or the Divine Universal Church, in Argentina, are directly linked to North American structures, such as the 700 Club (the real 'seminary' for the formation of gurus, directed by the CIA), P.T.L. Television, founded by Pat Robertson in Virginia, Billy Graham
Evangelist Association, World Vision International (all part of the sects' money stream)." 25.

http://watch.pair.com/cnp.html#latin

Reclaiming Our Courage

by Paul Rogat Loeb

It's hard to maintain hope when greed and fear seem to hold all the cards.
Despite Bush's mangled phrases, the political operatives who surround him
are as ruthless and cunning as any in recent memory. Some of them believe
they're taking orders from God. Others are simply playing the political
game. Either way, they'll do whatever they can to maintain and increase
their power. With the help of a compliant media and a fearful and
distracted populace, they may even temporarily prevail. But ultimately
they'll succeed only if those of us who embrace more humane visions give up
in despair.

It's tempting simply to wait for the Republicans to overreach, or be
brought down by a stagnating economy. But when facing men who lack any
sense of humility, limits, or shame, we can't let them keep setting the
agenda. Think of the critical Georgia Senate race. Republican TV ads linked
Senator Max Cleland with videos of Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein, and
explained that because Cleland opposed Bush's homeland security bill, he
lacked "the courage to lead." Cleland lost two legs and an arm in Vietnam.
His Republican opponent, Saxbe Chambliss, never wore a uniform. But that
didn't matter to the Republican chicken-hawk strategists. And the ad helped
knock Cleland out of his seat.

I recently asked former United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights
(and Irish President) Mary Robinson how citizens could resist this bullying
politics. The Bush administration had just forced Robinson out of her job
for questioning the United States' exclusion of Afghan detainees from the
standard protections given prisoners of war. "People need the courage to
stand up for what they believe," Robinson said. "If I'd backed down just
because the US is the most powerful nation in the world, it would have
sacrificed all the moral credibility of my office. By standing up, I
preserved it. You have to keep standing up even if it's hard. You have to
be willing to pay the costs."

Calling for moral courage sounds like praising mom and apple pie. But what
would it mean for us to apply Robinson's message to our own lives? To begin
with, it would mean speaking out in contexts where not everyone agrees with
our words, because only then can our culture change. Whether as members of
civic or religious organizations, as educators, or simply with co-workers,
neighbors, and friends, we can't be afraid to raise the difficult
questions-challenging the administration's right to attack any other nation
at will, to deny critical environmental crises like global warming, and to
hand over national policies to the Enrons of the world. Sometimes our words
will draw heat. After Sept 11, the American Council of Trustees and Alumni,
an organization co-founded by Dick Cheney's wife, Lynn, publicly targeted
professors who made even the mildest suggestion that the terrible attacks
might have deeper roots. But if our democracy is devolving into a
manipulated nation of inattentive spectators, we have the responsibility to
speak honestly about our national choices, and to do so even if we feel
hesitant or scared.

Overcoming fear means thinking about the kind of world we'd actually like
to see, and not being afraid to advocate for it. In Poland, in the early
1980s, leaders of the workers support movement KOR made a point of printing
their names and phone numbers openly on the back of mimeographed sheets
describing incidents of police harassment against then-unknown activists
like Lech Walesa. It was as if, in the words of reporter Lawrence Wechsler,
they were "calling out to everyone else, 'Come on out! Be open. What can
they do to us if we all start taking responsibility for our true dreams?'"
Whether we're raising questions in difficult contexts or engaging in
nonviolent civil disobedience, that might be a model for us now.

We might actually make a public issue of the very ruthlessness that put
this administration in power. It's easy to dismiss the Cleland ad and
others like it as politics as usual. But when I've spoken about these ads,
even very conservative people have had trouble justifying their moral
viciousness. We can point out how attacking the patriotism of a man who
lost three limbs for his country parallels the shamelessness of so many
high administration officials whose careers have embodied contempt for
democracy: Otto Reich, Elliott Abrams, John Poindexter, and John Negroponte
lying during the Iran-Contra investigations; Henry Kissinger (now resigned
but still kitchen cabinet) launching a secret invasion of Cambodia and a
military coup in Chile; John Ashcroft obstructing the registration of
African American voters in inner-city St. Louis; Dick Cheney opposing the
freeing of Nelson Mandela; and Trent Lott waxing nostalgic about the good
old days when Strom Thurmond fought to keep blacks in their place.

It's an ugly legacy, and when administration spokesmen say Americans have
no right to disagree, we need to respond with outrage. They'll also suggest
we lack the knowledge or standing to speak out: Professors are academic
eggheads. Religious leaders are unrealistic. Students are too young. Baby
boomers are reliving the sixties. Immigrants are disloyal suspects.
Celebrities are limousine liberals. We're conditioned to accept an
impossibly perfect standard on political speech that dismisses everyone but
the Kissingers and Rumsfields as insufficiently credentialed. We need the
courage to challenge this standard, and recognize that we all have the
right--and responsibility--to act.

We also need to develop new ways to speak out together. This means
connecting with whatever organizations can give us shared strength, and
working to bring together the often-fragmented groups that promote more
humane social visions. More than ever, we need to leave our comfort zones,
reach past what divides us, and find opportunities for common action. We
particularly need to approach those vast numbers of individuals who are
exposed to little beyond the official manipulations and lies. Since only 17
percent of eligible Americans actually voted for the Republicans this
round, the potential for outreach is huge.

Some of this outreach has already begun. In the past few elections, unions
have developed worker-to-worker outreach projects that often made a
critical difference in key campaigns. Even in the most recent defeat, they
mobilized significant numbers of voters and volunteers, but found
themselves lacking enough other organized allies to prevail in areas where
their strength was limited. What would happen if unions joined
environmental and social justice groups to foster local discussions on key
issues? In early December, a coalition of Seattle peace activists drew
together 2,000 ordinary citizens to spend an afternoon talking in
neighborhood-based groups from the city and its suburban fringes. Each
group then collected local emails and developed neighborhood education and
action projects, like vigils, tabling, and letter-writing campaigns. The
same week, organizations including the National Council of Churches,
N.A.A.C.P., Sierra Club, Physicians for Social Responsibility, National
Organization for Women, Working Assets and MoveOn.org launched a new
national peace coalition, Win Without War. Major labor leaders are also
interested. Imagine if the Seattle approach was combined with the
grassroots resources of these groups, and if the coalition took on domestic
issues as well. The resulting pressure might even wake the Congressional
Democrats from their slumber.

Courage requires reaching out to those who may not share all our
assumptions or agree with us on every issue. The Republicans have seized
power through an unholy alliance between corporate interests whose dollars
buy the ads, and religious conservatives who supply the volunteer energy.
But when the Pew Center For the People & the Press has surveyed the
conservative religious constituency they call "the moralists," they've
found that a solid majority of them mistrust corporate power, support
environmental protection and regulation, and believe the government should
take an active role in improving health care, housing, and education, for
low and middle income families. Many also mistrust an all-powerful
government monitoring every corner of our private lives. If we talk clearly
enough about common concerns, they may well respond.

In 2,000, with another core Republican constituency, non-union gun owners
in Michigan went for George Bush, by more than two to one. But union gun
owners went solidly for Gore, by nearly as great a margin. Once people felt
part of a union community and had access to alternative perspectives, this
trumped the Republican propaganda. In Washington state, my best friend, a
commercial fisherman and environmental activist, recently defeated an
initiative to ban family fishing by pulling together an unlikely coalition
of fishermen, environmental organizations, Native American tribes--and some
highly conservative fundamentalist churches. An Assembly of God minister
even gave an invocation against corporate greed on the steps of the state
capitol. I saw people celebrating election night who would never have even
sat at the same table to talk.

There's no guarantee we'll succeed. The political Right has been organizing
for over 30 years, lining up foundations, think tanks, and media
commentators, cultivating wealthy donors, building the alliance between
corporate interests and religious conservatives. The power the
administration now holds makes it easier for them to hand out patronage,
reward financial donors, and distribute incentives to potential supporters.
They won't be defeated easily.

But as Vlacav Havel wrote before the epochal Eastern European revolutions,
"Hope is not prognostication." Since we can never know how long it will
take to turn things around, the courage we need most is the courage to
persevere. It's tempting simply to give up, to say that the deck is too
stacked. Yet we might remind ourselves that Rosa Parks was a civil rights
activist for a dozen years from her first NAACP meeting until the stand we
all remember on the Montgomery bus. Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in a
South African jail, with no notion that he'd ever become President of South
Africa. Those who brought democracy to Eastern Europe struggled for
decades, then saw the brutal dictatorships they challenged collapse, one
after another, when confronted by a defiant civilian population. We can
take heart from the persistence it took to achieve these victories.

Many of us have fought for a more humane world for a long while. It's
daunting to face an administration so intent on handing over every aspect
of American life, and indeed of the planet, to small groups of wealthy men
like themselves. But we also never know when history may turn--and when our
efforts to stem the tide of destructive actions may spark a resurgence of
conscience, commitment, and hope. If we reach deeply enough into our
reservoirs of courage and vision, keep asking the hard questions, and keep
connecting with our fellow citizens, there's no telling what we can
eventually create.

http://www.commondreams.org/views02/1220-05.htm

German faces jail for 'ironic' remark



A German man could be jailed for three years over a comment posted on the
internet, in which prosecutors say he belittled the events of 11 September.

  Congratulations to the murderers of 11.09.01
  Holger Voss

In a case which critics say has major implications for freedom of speech on
the internet, Holger Voss stands accused of "glorification of a criminal act".

Mr Voss, who will appear in court in the western German town of Muenster on
Wednesday, insists his comments were meant to be sarcastic.

He had written a final sentence at the foot of his remarks - posted last
summer on the Telepolis message board - which he says indicates that the
sentiments expressed were not to be taken seriously.

"The court will decide whether he did indeed mean them ironically, and if
so, whether or not that makes any difference," court spokesman Juergen
Wrobel told BBC News Online.

Anonymous tip-off

The apparently offending remarks were made in response to a message posted
by another internet user - Engine_of_Aggression - who appeared to be
pleased about the alleged murders of thousands of Taleban fighters by local
militias during the downfall of the Afghan regime in 2001.

"Congratulations to the people, who in this over-critical time, dare to
grab evil at its root and eradicate it from the face of the earth!" wrote
Engine_of_Aggression.

Mr Voss, who describes himself as an anti-militarist, responded:

"Yes, Congratulations to the murderers of 11.09.01.... Good, that on 11.09
a couple of real men (!) found the courage to show the evil ones, the USA
how it really is!"

An anonymous complaint to the police led to the prosecution under a German
law which forbids the glorification of a criminal act.

In a statement posted on the anti-censorship site Stop1984, Mr Voss insists
he was attempting to display the hypocrisy in valuing American lives over
others.

The suit has also sparked controversy as the prosecution forced the owner
of the discussion board to hand over details about Mr Voss.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2636211.stm
 
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